Versatile and multifunctional, the cannabis plant is amazing. Patients and users benefit from articles and substances sold in the aisles of big dispensaries in cities such as Las Vegas and the Czech Republic. Oils, sanitizers, edibles, ointments and vapes are thriving on online stores and CBD oil, the first choice of patients with chronic pain, enjoys a remarkable reputation in the realm of cannabis medicine.
How Is Cannabis Oil Made?
Many questions surrounding cannabis oil are about its manufacturing process. But we must not fail to note that there are different types of oils—some derived from cannabis flowers, and others from hemp seed. Hemp seed oil is deemed as a vegetable oil that is superior to petroleum. Hemp seeds can be turned into one of the finest natural oils and can also be easily employed to produce diesel fuel. Chemical extraction processes may increase total performance of this substance to up to 40% the size of each seed. Broadly speaking, this kind of oil is used to power lightning and heating. Hemp oil in itself is 100% cannabinoid-free. The reason for this is that this substance is made from seeds, which do not contain cannabinoids, as these are only produced once the plant reaches maturity. Seed oil is considered a superfood, rich in omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants, and is also used as a nutritional supplement.
One Plant, Different Oils
Cannabis oil made from cannabis flowers with less than 0.3% THC is not regarded as a psychoactive drug and can thus be easily sold. Those oils with a greater concentration of THC are still banned. Most available CBD products, such as CBD oil, are obtained from flowers and can be extracted through a simple process using isopropyl alcohol or ethyl alcohol 60% as solvents and some tools such as glass containers, a strainer, coffee filters, a water distiller, and—of course—a fire source. In his book, “The Amazing Power of CBD Oil and Hemp Oil,” Kurt McDermott explains this process step by step and provides several tips for doing it.
Another way of obtaining cannabis oil is infusing the organic material with a solvent such as coconut oil or olive oil. This process only requires cannabis flowers—preferably fresh—and oil to prepare the infusion, usually at a 1:1 ratio (that is, one cup of flower every one cup of oil). The final quality of the product will depend on the source of the marijuana used, how it was cultivated, and whether organic or chemical nutrients or pesticides were employed. Both cultivation mismanagement and the terpene profile of a given variety will influence the flavour of the finished product. There are two techniques to heat the substance: applying heat directly using a slow cooker, or indirectly, using water vapor or the so-called double boiling method. The main goal is to maintain boiling temperature without burning the flowers.
A Multifunctional Oil
Once the oil is ready, it must be stored in a dark and cool place. This is how cannabinoids are preserved over a longer period of time. Ideally, the main container should be stored in a place with the qualities mentioned before, using a small oil bottle when we need our oil.
This oil is a delicious seasoning, a wonderful sublingual medication, and a soothing massage oil. No matter how this product is used, attention should be paid to its THC and CBD contents, since these will determine whether the substance is legal or illegal.
In countries where legislation fosters research and safeguards patients who need cannabis, a wide variety of CBD oils can be legally and easily obtained. Yet, the situation is different for thousands of patients who have no option but to grow and produce their own oil at home—putting their freedom at stake. In many countries, social organisations and NGOs are fighting for a legal framework that allows growing medical cannabis. In Argentina, “Mamá Cultiva,” a gender- and diversity-responsive NGO founded in 2016, pursuits legal regulation for growing cannabis for health purposes—considering “health” in a comprehensive way—and sets up locations for civic and community training and engagement regarding cannabis.