There is a strain of cannabis that is rare and difficult to find. They are the landrace strains. And they are the key to original cannabis genetics.
What Is a Landrace Strain
What does landrace strain mean? A original landrace strain is an untouched strain of cannabis. They are the strains cannabis consumers thousands of years ago would have smoked. They are indigenous species usually named for the places where they grow wild.
Take for example, Acapulco Gold. This strain of cannabis is a rare landrace species from the Acapulco region of Mexico. This strain’s buds have orange-gold hairs. These hairs make the bud look like a golden nugget, giving the strain its name, Acapulco Gold. Climate and soil composition of the region are responsible for these unique characteristics.
Is it true that landrace strains come from India and from África? Well, the origins of cannabis trace back to Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Over time landrace cannabis traversed oceans and continents. But cultivation practices for consumer consumption led to alterations in genetics. In addition, the environments where cannabis grows alters the chemical compounds and appearance.
Globalization and Indica Strains
Indica strains come from the dry mountainous regions of Afganistan and Pakistan. Due to area isolation by the mountains, these strains remained in the region.
Indica cannabis is physically sedating. The strain is perfect for relaxing according to cannabis experts. Indica cannabis preserved in the South Asian mountains are almost unaltered by humanity.
Names for Indica strains also can match the region of growth. Take for example Hindu Kush, one of the most popular cannabis strains. It comes from the mountain range between Pakistan and Afganistan.
Today, cannabis geneticists cross Indica strains with Sativa strains to create a hybrid. With this hybrid cannabis enthusiasts get the stellar effects of both species.
Sativa landrace strains are some of the most sought-after cannabis strains today. The funny thing is top landrace strains are less potent than today’s marijuana strains.
Genetics has allowed cultivation of new more potent cannabis. The potency of current cannabis can be greater than 20% THC. High Times Magazine reported the Godfather OG is the most potent marijuana strain on the planet. The Godfather is an Indica dominant hybrid. It’s reported to have a THC content of over 34%!
It is common for landrace strains to be a lower potency strain than current cannabis. Experts say a true landrace “will most likely be less potent than a strain you find today, as current strains have typically been bred for a higher potency.” Yet, the search for the best landrace strains continues.
Benefits of Finding Landrace Strains
The benefit of landrace strains lies in the fact they’ve never crossbred with any other strains. They are the closest we can get to the original cannabis our ancestors likely used. Finding landrace strains will help us in several ways including:
- preserving original cannabis DNA
- discovering new uses and treatments
- providing a less THC potent option
- prevention of cultivar imbreding
- prevention of a weakening of the plant’s defenses from the environment
- learning how cannabis grows independent of human hands
There may be other benefits of landrace strains. Back in the era of the hippies landrace strains were what people smoked. A bit of nostalgia for people who remember the cannabis of yesteryear. It’s important to find and protect these originals.